Jarry Air Cargo(HK) Limited

Sea waybill concept and the difference

 Sea waybill , also known as the sea waybill or maritime bills of lading, it is "the carrier to the shipper or his agent that the goods have been accepted for loading documents, is a non-negotiable documents that do not need to produce the documents at the port of destination as receipt condition, not subject to the documents sent, stock owners or their agents to present their consignee received notification or proof of identity and its delivery "(quoted in 1978 September the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe "Recommendation")

Waybill and bill of lading differences and connections

1, the bill of lading is a receipt for goods, transport contract, also documents of title, only a single cargo shipping receipt and transport with these two properties, it is not a document of title.

2, the bill of lading can be looked up in the form of instruction, pass to endorse negotiable: sea waybill is a non-flow energy of the documents, marked on the sea support single consignee identified, can not be transferred circulation.

3, shipping orders and bills of lading can be made "on board (Shipped on board) form, it can be" receipt for shipment "(Received for shipment) form. Waybill positive area of each column formats and versions and methods and shipping single bill of lading is basically the same, but the sea waybill consignee column can not be made payable to the specific consignee indicative Shanzhi determined.

4, the bill of lading and the carrier consignee lawful holder of lading delivery and delivery, sea waybill does not produce sea waybill, delivery notification or identity alone explicitly mentioned goods, the carrier with the consignee for proper identification proof of delivery of the goods.

5, the bill of lading with full ceremony and short form bill of lading of the points, while sea waybill is short form document, the back is not listed in detail shipping terms but contains a bill of lading may be invoked on the back of the contents of the terms of shipping.

6, shipping orders and bills of lading (Straight B / L), although both named consignee, without endorsement, but they are essentially different, straight bill of lading is a kind of bill of lading, a document of title, hold bills of lading, to close Shippers can not by sea but single delivery in delivery.

The benefits of the use of sea waybill

Sea waybill relates only to the shipper, carrier, consignee tripartite program is simple, easy to operate, it is conducive to the transfer of goods.

First, sea waybill is a security certificate, which does not have the transfer of liquidity, to avoid the loss of documents and forged consequences arising from the bill of lading.

Second, delivery convenient, timely, cost savings, without having to produce sea waybill consignee, which not only solves the sea near transit goods to and bill of lading not yet reached a common problem, but also to avoid the demurrage charges arising from deferred delivery, storage Wait.

Again, sea waybill is not a document of title to expand the use of sea waybill, can provide a practical basis for the future implementation of EDI and possibly an electronic bill of lading.

Use of sea waybills

1, the total branch of multinational business or related subsidiary companies.

2, buyer credit or both as the transfer of goods to the precondition of all, the bill of lading has lost its meaningful use.

3, between the long, full trust, close business partner of trade between.

4, no financial risk of personal household items, samples of commercial value.

5, in the case of short sea shipping, cargo is often yet to come first and the bill of lading, sea waybill should be adopted.

Sea waybill shortage and solutions

Sea waybill in practice there are still some problems, for which the International Maritime Commission developed and adopted the "Uniform Rules for sea."

Inadequate sea waybill is mainly reflected in the following two aspects:

1, the importer as the consignee, but he is not a contract of carriage contractors, and no contractual relationship with the carrier, if the exporter shipped after payment to the carrier in writing to change the consignee, the original consignee No right of action.

2, "sea waybill Uniform Rules" Article III: "shipper entered into a contract of carriage, not only on their own behalf, but also on behalf of the consignee, and the carrier that he has authority," while Article VI: " shipper shall have the right to transfer receipt of choice, but it should be charged before the cargo carrier to exercise, the exercise of this option shall be noted on the sea waybill or similar document. "This is clear both this provision income also a legal contract between shippers and carriers, shippers also terminated before the original consignee changes consignee rights.