Jarry Air Cargo(HK) Limited

What are the shipping routes of the International Maritime OA Alliance in North America (including the OA Alliance's e-commerce express)

According to North American maritime trade route data, the OA Alliance (Ocean Alliance) accounts for over 30% of the market share of container routes from Asia to North America. The OA alliance occupies the dominant position in cross-border e-commerce logistics from Asia to the West Coast of the United States, with the 2M alliance ranking second, the THE alliance ranking third, and the rest being non alliance members.

1、 The origin of the three major international maritime alliances

In order to expand the market share of container shipping and cope with the decline in market cargo volume and control operating costs in the shipping industry, major global shipping companies initially formed four major alliances, 2M/G6/O3/CKYHE. Later, due to the bankruptcy of Hanjin Shipping, they reorganized into three major international shipping alliances: 2M/OA/TCHE.

According to the latest data released by Alphaliner, the 2M alliance accounts for 33.57% of global container transportation capacity, the OA alliance accounts for 30.01%, and the THE alliance accounts for 18.41%. The three major alliances account for 81.99% of the global container transportation capacity, which also determines the direction of global ocean shipping capacity deployment.

2、 Members of the three major international maritime alliances

In January 2015, the 2M Alliance was formed by Maersk Line, the world's largest and second largest shipping company, and MSC Mediterranean Shipping. Later, South Korea's SMLine also joined the 2M Alliance.

In 2016, the Ocean Alliance was established, consisting of CMA CGM, COSCO Shipping, EMC, OOCL, and APL, the US presidential ship. Later, APL was acquired by Dafei, and OOCL was also acquired by COSCO. At present, the OA Alliance consists of four members, namely DaFei Steamship, ranked third globally, COSCO Shipping, ranked fourth, Evergreen Shipping, and Dongfang Overseas.

The THE Alliance was established in May 2016, with members including the fifth ranked Herbert HPL, the eighth ranked Modern Merchant Ship HMM, the seventh ranked Ocean Alliance ONE, and the ninth ranked Yangming Shipping YML.

From the above, it can be seen that the members of the three major alliances are all from the top ten global container capacity ranking members, with only the tenth ranked Star Shipping being a non alliance member.

3、 OA Alliance's shipping routes in North America

There are 15 routes from Asia to the West Coast of North America in the OA alliance

AAS2: Nansha Yantian Xiamen Los Angeles Nansha

CEN: Tianjin Qingdao Shanghai Los Angeles Seattle Tianjin

SEA2: (AWE5) - Klang Singapore Linchaban Gaime Salt Fields Los Angeles Auckland Salt Fields - (AWE5)

AAC2: Qingdao Shanghai Ningbo Los Angeles Auckland Busan Qingdao

SEA: Kaohsiung Gaimei Nansha Hong Kong Yantian Kaohsiung Long Beach Kaohsiung

AAS3: Taipei Xiamen Hong Kong Yantian Los Angeles Auckland Taipei

AAS4: (MEX5) - Klang Gaime - Hong Kong - Kaohsiung - Taipei - Los Angeles - Tacoma - Kaohsiung - (MEX5)

AAC4: Ningbo Shanghai Busan Changtan Ningbo

AAC: (East of the United States) - Singapore - Linchaban - Gaimei - Haiphong - Shanghai - Ningbo - Long Beach - Auckland - Lianyungang - Qingdao - Shanghai - Ningbo - Yantian - Gaimei - Singapore - (East of the United States)

SEAX (New): Shanghai Fuqing Xiamen Yantian Changtan Shanghai

CENX (New): Qingdao Shanghai Prince Port Qingdao

MPNW: Xiamen Ningbo Shanghai Busan Seattle Vancouver Xiamen

CPNW: Hong Kong Yantian Ningbo Shanghai Prince Port Vancouver Shanghai Hong Kong

EPNW: Shanghai Ningbo Kaohsiung Yantian Tacoma Vancouver Tokyo Osaka Qingdao Shanghai

OPNW: Shekou Hong Kong Yantian Kaohsiung Vancouver Seattle Busan Kaohsiung Shekou

And there are 8 routes from Asia to the East United States

AWE1: Qingdao Ningbo Shanghai Busan Cologne Savannah Charleston Boston New York Cologne Qingdao

AWE2: Qingdao Ningbo Shanghai Busan New York Norfolk Savannah Qingdao

AWE3: Xiamen Kaohsiung Hong Kong Yantian Cologne Savannah New York Norfolk Baltimore Xiamen

AWE4: Gaime - Hong Kong - Yantian - Xiamen - Shanghai - Cologne - New York - Savannah - Charleston - Gaime

AWE5: (SEA2) - Salt Fields - Gaime - Singapore - Klang - Colombo - Halifax - New York - Norfolk - Savannah - Charleston - Klang - (SEA2)

AWE7 (New Route): Yantian Ningbo Shanghai Busan Norfolk Savannah Charleston Miami Yantian

GME: Shanghai Ningbo Xiamen Yantian Houston Mobile Tampa Shanghai

GME2: Gaimei - Singapore - Hong Kong - Shekou - Ningbo - Shanghai - Busan - Houston - New Orleans - Mobile - Gaimei

4、 E-commerce Express of OA Alliance

Although the OA Alliance has so many routes to North America, not all routes are primarily focused on timeliness and offer fast container pickup services. From the perspective of cross-border e-commerce, there are only a few routes on the West Coast of the United States that meet the requirements. The important nodes of e-commerce express lines include direct shipping at the loading port, timely departure time ETD, prompt berthing at the destination port ETA, unloading and appointment free fast container pickup. And these high-quality routes are also the main reason why the OA Alliance has the highest proportion of e-commerce cargo volume in the US West route.

These high-quality e-commerce express lines are:

1. The OOCL PVCS route (OOCL/EMC shared cabin) takes 13-17 days from Yantian to Long Beach, with unloading at LBCT terminal (the most automated terminal in the West).

The COSCO SEA route takes 13-17 days from Yantian to Changtan, and also unloads ships at the LBCT terminal with the highest level of automation in the West Coast of the United States. The unloading process is fast and stable for container lifting.

The OOCL PCSX route/COSCO SEAX route takes 13-17 days from Yantian to Long Beach, and the ship is unloaded at the LBCT terminal.

4. EMC HTW scheduled delivery route, 14-16 days from Yantian to Los Angeles, unloading at EMC Los Angeles ETS terminal.

5. CMA/EMC PRX route from Yantian to Los Angeles 17 days, unloading at CMA Free Terminal FMS

As is well known, shipping companies tend to allocate more space, and each water vessel may have some containers that may be dumped. These OA alliance cabins will prioritize cabin and container protection, but the price will also be slightly higher. For example, COSCO's SO class starting with 68 and 63, EMC's SO class starting with SCE, and OOCL's So class starting with 88. Even though not all of these SO's cabins can be guaranteed to board the ship, for example, when there are many cabins sold out or the inspection rate is low, many containers can catch up with the ship, and there is still a small probability of the shipping company abandoning the containers.

5、 Advantages of OA Alliance E-commerce Express

One characteristic of the OOCL PVCS and COSCO SEA routes is that the loading takes place in Yantian and the unloading takes place at the LBCT terminal in Changtan. In fact, they belong to the same route, with COSCO/OOCL/EMC sharing the same cabin.

PCSX and SEAX actually belong to the same route, shared by COSCO and OOCL. It takes 13-17 days from Yantian to LBCT terminal in Long Beach, and container ships are jointly operated by the two shipping companies, with an average capacity of around 13000 TEU.


The LBCT dock with red and white bridge cranes is very recognizable

These few routes are actually considered fighter jets among ordinary ships, with fast and stable delivery times, and the prices are really tempting compared to Meisen. In normal times, the unloading speed of LBCT automated terminal is close to that of Meisen, even during peak season, shortage of manpower at the terminal, and strikes. The unloading speed of LBCT automated terminal cannot be compared to other terminals.

Let's take a look at EMC's HTW route again. This route is EMC's own scheduled delivery route, with its own terminal ETS in Los Angeles, which allows for direct berthing without waiting. The EMC scheduled pick-up route can also provide free booking container pick-up services at the destination port, providing a chassis, greatly improving the pick-up time.